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Abstract: Analgesia for paediatric tonsillectomy and adenoidectomy with intramuscular clonidine.

Authors:

Freeman KO, Connelly NR, Schwartz D, Jacobs BR, Schreibstein JM, Gibson C.

Institution:

Department of Anesthesiology, Baystate Medical Center, Springfield, MA 01199, USA.

Source:

Paediatr Anaesth. 2002 Sep;12(7):617-20.

Abstract:

BACKGROUND: After undergoing tonsillectomy and adenoidectomy (T&A), children may experience significant pain. Clonidine, an alpha2 agonist, exhibits significant analgesic properties. The current investigation sought to determine whether intramuscular (I.M.) clonidine would decrease pain in paediatric patients undergoing T&A. METHODS: Thirty-nine children undergoing elective T&A were studied. Following inhalational anaesthetic induction, fentanyl (2 microg x kg(-1)) was given intravenously, acetaminophen (paracetamol) (30 mg.kg-1) was given rectally and the children then randomly received an i.m. injection of either normal saline or clonidine (2 microg x kg(-1)). Perioperative analgesic requirements in the postanaesthesia care unit and at home following hospital discharge were evaluated. RESULTS: There were no significant demographic, analgesic consumption, haemodynamic or pain score differences between the groups. CONCLUSIONS: We do not recommend adding i.m. clonidine (2 microg x kg(-1)) to the analgesic regimen of children undergoing tonsillectomy and adenoidectomy.

Keywords:

ENT Surgery Anaesthesia Analgesia Paediatric Pain