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Abstract: Anaesthesia in day case laparoscopic female sterilization: a comparison of two anaesthetic methods.

Authors:

Rognas LK, Elkjaer P.

Institution:

Department of Anaesthesiology, Holstebro Hospital, Holstebro, Denmark.

Source:

Acta Anaesthesiol Scand. 2004 Aug;48(7):899-902.

Abstract:

BACKGROUND: Laparoscopic sterilization (LS) in women is a procedure frequently carried out in a day case setting. The purpose of the study was to measure postoperative pain, nausea and vomiting (PONV), the incidence of unplanned overnight admissions and patient satisfaction with two different anaesthetic methods. METHODS: From August 1997 to January 1999 the LS patients were anaesthetized with propofol + fentanyl/alfentanil, N2O and atracurium, and from January 1999 to end of 2001 they were given TIVA with propofol + remifentanil. Postoperative pain was managed with standardized high doses of paracetamol and NSAID in both groups. Data were collected from hospital records and from questionnaires given to all the patients. RESULTS: Six hundred and eighty-one women were sterilized. There were no significant differences in postoperative pain between the two groups, with 8.2 and 12.1 per cent, respectively, experiencing severe pain. Significantly fewer patients experienced moderate or severe postoperative nausea after the introduction of remifentanil anaesthesia (3.3 vs. 11.7%, P = 0.001). Eleven patients (1.8%) were admitted overnight, with no difference between the two groups. 94.5% and 96.3% of the patients were either satisfied or very satisfied with their treatment (P = 0.50). CONCLUSION: Both anaesthetic methods provide equally good postoperative pain relief, few unplanned admissions and a high degree of patient satisfaction when combined with postoperative paracetamol and NSAID. Patients anaesthetized with remifentanil and propofol have less postoperative nausea.

Keywords:

Gynaecology Surgery Anaesthesia Laparoscopic sterilisation TIVA