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Abstract: Anaesthesia for day case surgery: a survey of paediatric clinical practice in the UK.

Authors:

Payne K, Moore EW, Elliott RA, Moore JK, McHugh GA.

Institution:

University of Manchester, School of Pharmacy & Pharmaceutical Sciences, Manchester, UK.

Source:

Eur J Anaesthesiol. 2003 Apr;20(4):325-30.

Abstract:

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: In October 2000, we conducted a national postal survey of day case consultant anaesthetists in the UK to explore the range and variation in practice of anaesthetizing a patient for day case surgery (paediatrics, urology and orthopaedics). This paper reports the findings of this national survey of paediatric day case anaesthetic practice carried out as part of a major two-centre randomized controlled trial designed to investigate the costs and outcome of several anaesthetic techniques during day care surgery in paediatric and adult patients (cost-effectiveness study of anaesthesia in day case surgery). METHODS: The survey used a structured postal questionnaire and collected data on the duration of surgical procedure; the use of premedication; the anaesthetic agents used for induction and maintenance; the fresh gas flow rates used for general anaesthesia; the use of antiemetics; and the administration of local anaesthesia and analgesia. RESULTS: The overall response rate for the survey was 74 and 63% for the paediatric section of the survey. Respondents indicated that 19% used premedication, 63% used propofol for induction, 54% used isoflurane for maintenance, 24% used prophylactic antiemetics and 85%, used a laryngeal mask. The findings of this national survey are discussed and compared with published evidence. CONCLUSIONS: This survey identifies the variation in clinical practice in paediatric day surgery anaesthesia in the UK.

Keywords:

Anaesthesia Paediatric