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Abstract: A comparison of 1% prilocaine with 0.5% ropivacaine for outpatient-based surgery under axillary brachial plexus block.

Authors:

Janzen PR, Vipond AJ, Bush DJ, Hopkins PM.

Institution:

Leeds Teaching Hospitals, St. James's University Hospital, Beckett Street, Leeds, England.

Source:

Anesth Analg. 2001 Jul;93(1):187-91.

Abstract:

We compared the use of 1% prilocaine with 0.5% ropivacaine for axillary brachial plexus anesthesia in a double-blinded manner in day-stay patients to determine the better of the two local anesthetics in terms of onset time and duration of motor block. Sixty patients scheduled for outpatient upper-limb surgery were allocated randomly to receive either prilocaine (28 patients) or ropivacaine (32 patients) at a volume of 0.7 mL/kg. The brachial plexus was located with a plexus needle and nerve stimulator. By 20 min after injection of prilocaine or ropivacaine, there was no difference in analgesic effect. By this time, it was apparent whether or not a block was going to be adequate for surgery. Pain returned after a mean of 278 min (SD 111 min; range, 160-630 min) with prilocaine as compared with 636 min (SD 284 min; range, 210-1440 min) with ropivacaine. Analgesia use was similar in both groups. Duration of motor block with prilocaine was a mean of 254 min (SD 62 min; range, 130-385 min), as compared with 642 min (SD 199 min; range, 350-1080 min) with ropivacaine. We conclude that there is no clinically important difference between 1% prilocaine and 0.5% ropivacaine in time to onset of axillary brachial plexus block when they are injected in equal volumes. There is a significantly longer duration of action with ropivacaine, which may make it less suitable for day-stay upper-limb surgery because of the handicap from reduced muscle power. Implications: This study compares two local anesthetics to determine which is most suitable for day-stay upper-limb surgery under axillary brachial plexus block.Prilocaine 1% is more suitable than ropivacaine 0.5% because of a more prolonged duration of action of ropivacaine, although this could be useful in other circumstances.

Keywords:

Orthopaedic Surgery Regional Axillary Brachial plexus Prilocaine Ropivicaine